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False-mint, Sixangle foldwing
Dicliptera sexangularis
Acanthaceae


General Landscape Uses:

Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wildflower and butterfly gardens.

Ecological Restoration Notes:

Most common as an understory herb along the coast on the margins of hammocks and tidal swamps.
Availability:
Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries.
Description:
Erect, medium to large annual herb with 6-angled stems and opposite leaves.
Dimensions:
Typically 1-4 feet in height. Usually taller than broad.
Growth Rate:
Fast.
Range:
Florida from the Monroe County Keys north mostly along the coasts to Volusia and Levy counties; disjunct in Calhoun County; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America.
Habitats:
Coastal hammocks and thickets.
Soils:
Moist, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, with humusy top layer.
Nutritional Requirements:
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Moderate; tolerates brackish water or occasional inundation by salt water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
Drought Tolerance:
Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
Light Requirements:
Light shade to full sun.
Flower Color:
Red.
Flower Characteristics:
Showy tubular flowers, about 1" long.
Flowering Season:
All year.
Fruit:
Inconspicuous green to brown capsule.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Larval host plant for Cuban crescent (Phyciodes frisia) butterflies. Nectar plant for large orange sulphur (Phoebis agarithe) and other butterflies.
Horticultural Notes:
Easily grown from seeds or cuttings.
Comments:
Recruits readily from seed in the garden and can become quite weedy in disturbed areas.


 


Keith A. Bradley
Roger L. Hammer
Chuck McCartney
Keith A. Bradley
Keith A. Bradley