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Cowhorn orchid, Cigar orchid
Cyrtopodium punctatum
Orchidaceae
 

Copyright by: James Johnson, 2014
In habitat, Everglades National Park, Florida
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General Landscape Uses: Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.

Availability: Grown by enthusiasts and botanical gardens.

Description: Epiphytic wildflower.

Dimensions: The pseudobulbs and leaves are typically 1-3 feet in height; the flower stalk exceeds the leaves. Old plants will form large basket-like clumps much broader than tall.

Growth Rate: Slow.

Range: Monroe County Keys north to Miami-Dade and Lee counties; West Indies, Central America and South America. In the Monroe County Keys, extremely rare in the vicinity of Key Largo.

Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.

Habitats: Swamps and coastal uplands.

Soils: Epiphytic in moist, well-drained humusy leaf litter, acid to neutral pH.

Nutritional Requirements: Moderate; can grow on nutrient poor substrate, but needs some nutrient inputs to thrive.

Salt Water Tolerance: Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.

Salt Wind Tolerance: Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.

Drought Tolerance: Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.

Light Requirements: Light shade to full sun.

Flower Color: Yellow and brown.

Flower Characteristics: Showy.

Flowering Season: Spring.

Fruit: Capsule containing numerous minute seeds.

Wildlife and Ecology: The roots grow upright, forming a basket to trap leaves and other detritis.

Horticultural Notes: Primarily grown from seed in a sterilized flask.

Comments: It is listed as endangered by the state of Florida. It was heavily collected in the 20th century and is now relatively scarce.


Copyright by: James Johnson, 2014
In habitat, Everglades National Park, Florida
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Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley

Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley

Copyright by: James Johnson, 2014
In habitat, Everglades National Park, Florida

Copyright by: James Johnson, 2014
In habitat, Everglades National Park, Florida

Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley

Copyright by: James Johnson, 2014
In habitat, Everglades National Park, Florida

Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer


Other data on Cyrtopodium punctatum available from:



 
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