General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also butterfly gardens.
Ecological Restoration Notes:
Most common in pinelands; rarer along the coast.
Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in South Florida.
Medium short-lived perennial herb.
Typically 12-18 inches in height. Usually taller than broad.
Widespread in the eastern and central United States south to the Monroe County Keys. Very rare in the Monroe County Keys, and perhaps limited to Bahia Honda.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Pinelands, coastal uplands and open, disturbed sites.
Moist, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Nectar plant for butterflies, including Florida duskywing
, Ephyriades brunneus.
Can be grown from seed.
Almost identical to C. glandulosus var. floridanus, but fruits are covered densely with hairs.