Typically 10-25 feet in height. Usually taller than broad.
Miami-Dade and Monroe counties; the West Indies, southern Mexico and Central America. In South Florida, native only to the Florida Keys and the extreme southern mainland, mostly in Everglades National Park. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida website.
Moist, well-drained limestone or calcareous sandy soils, with humusy top layer.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
High; can tolerate moderate amounts of salt wind without injury.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Full sun to light shade.
White fleshy drupe.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Nectar plant for large orange sulpher (Phoebis agarithe), Schaus' swallowtail (Papilio aristodemius ponceasus) and other butterflies.
Gann, G.D., M.E. Abdo, J.W. Gann, G.D. Gann, Sr., S.W.
Woodmansee, K.A. Bradley, E. Grahl and K.N. Hines. 2005-2016. Natives For Your Neighborhood. http://www.regionalconservation.org.
The Institute for Regional Conservation. Delray Beach, Florida USA.