Enter a zip code:
Choose a county:
Search for a plant in the Natives For Your Neighborhood database:
Search for an animal in the Natives For Your Neighborhood database:


Support this project


Join our email list!


Acknowledgements and past sponsors


Find Native Plants!


Become a sponsor!


Additional Sponsors:

Broward Chapter of the
Florida Native Plant Society

Green Isle Gardens

Indian Trails Native Nursery

Meadow Beauty Nursery

Native Choice Nursery

Plant Creations, Inc.

Pro Native Consulting

Smarty Plants Nursery

Sweet Bay Nursery, LLC

Veber's Jungle Garden, Inc.

Chrysophyllum oliviforme

General Landscape Uses:

A colorful specimen or accent tree in moist soils. It can be used as a street tree and in commercial and residential landscapes.

Ecological Restoration Notes:

An occasional element in hammocks.
Widely cultivated. Available in Lake Worth at Amelia's SmartyPlants (561-540-6296).
Medium tree with narrow crown in shade, spreading more in sun. Trunks straight, slender, to 10 inches in diameter, often arising from the roots, especially when damaged. Bark light, reddish brown, rough. Leaves stiff, dark green above, rusty below, 2-6 inches long.
Typically 20-30 feet in height; to 41 feet in South Florida. Usually taller than broad.
Growth Rate:
Slow to moderate.
Monroe County Keys north to Brevard, Collier, Hendry and Sarasota counties; West Indies. Very rare in the middle Florida Keys. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida website.
Moist, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, with humusy top layer.
Nutritional Requirements:
Moderate to high; grows best with some organic content and may languish in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
Drought Tolerance:
Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
Light Requirements:
Full sun to light shade.
Flower Color:
Flower Characteristics:
Flowering Season:
Irregularly all year; peak summer-fall.
Dark purple to black berry, oval, 1/2 or more long. Edible; juicy but sticky.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides significant food and some cover for wildlife.
Horticultural Notes:
Can be grown from de-pulped and scarified seed. Plant within a few days of cleaning; seeds do not store well. Place in light shade to full sun. Germination is in about a month.
The leaves are very attractive, dark green above and bronzy-satin below, creating an attrative display when wind blows through the trees. While worth the effort, satinleaf can be finicky to establish in cultivation and may take a couple of attempts. The roots are especially sensitive to transplant shock and plants can be permanently damaged by inadequate watering or by mechanical damage. It may require more water and time to establish than other native hardwoods. Recovery following transplanting may take 6-12 months or more. Fruits may stain walkways and other surfaces, and may stick to ones feet and be tracked around. May be more sensitive to cold when planted as a specimen tree. It is listed as threatened by the State of Florida.


Roger L. Hammer
James Johnson, 2014
In habitat, Everglades National Park, Florida
James Johnson, 2014
In habitat, Everglades National Park, Florida
Keith A. Bradley
George D. Gann, 2011
In habitat, Dominican Republic
Shirley Denton
Shirley Denton
George D. Gann

George D. Gann