General Landscape Uses:
Water gardens and along pond and lake edges.
Ecological Restoration Notes:
A somewhat rare understory element of swamps and marshes.
Large herb with large leaves and bright yellow flowers.
Typically 4-6 feet in height. Individual stems are taller than broad, but clusters of plants may form a mass.
Southeastern United States west to Texas and south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Swamps and marshes.
Wet to moist, moderately well-drained to poorly drained organic soils.
High; requires rich organic soils for optimal growth.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Full sun to light shade.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Larval host and nectar plant for Brazilian skipper
(Calpodes ethlius) butterflies. Also provides food for birds.
Can be grown from seed or division.