Medium bushy shrub with arching branches forming a large mound. Leaves coarse, 2-6 inches long, aromatic when crushed.
Typically 5-9 feet in height. Usually as broad as tall and sometimes broader.
Southeastern United States, Maryland and Missouri west to Texas and south to the Monroe County Keys; Bermuda, Bahamas and Cuba. Very rare in the Monroe County Keys and perhaps absent south of Key Largo.
A wide range of terrestrial ecosystems.
Moist, well-drained sandy, limestone or organic soils, usually with a humusy top layer.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Full sun to light shade.
Pink or rarely white.
Semi-showy in dense clusters.
All year; peak spring-summer.
Red-purple berry-like drupe, rarely white. Very showy clusters in the leaf axils. All year; peak summer-fall.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides significant food and moderate amounts of cover for wildlife. Nectar plant for butterflies. Birds eat the fruits.
Grown from seed. Clean pulp from seed by rubbing on a paper towel or by placing into a blender with water and then straining. Sprinkle seeds into a pot with 2" or more potting soil. Place in light shade or full sun and keep moist.
This is an excellent and adaptable shrub for nearly throughout South Florida. The attractive purple fruits attract many birds. Periodic heavy pruning nearly to the ground encourages new growth.
James Johnson, 2012 In habitat, Big Cypress National Preserve, Florida
James Johnson, 2014 In habitat, Secret Woods Buffer and Nature Center, Broward County, Florida
Roger L. Hammer
George D. Gann In habitat, Broward County, Florida
Gann, G.D., M.E. Abdo, J.W. Gann, G.D. Gann, Sr., S.W.
Woodmansee, K.A. Bradley, E. Grahl and K.N. Hines. 2005-2016. Natives For Your Neighborhood. http://www.regionalconservation.org.
The Institute for Regional Conservation. Delray Beach, Florida USA.