General Landscape Uses:
An ephemeral element of beach dunes. Not recommended for general landscape use.
Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries.
Small annual herb.
Typically 1-3 feet in height. Often about as broad as tall.
Southern United States (Louisiana, Florida) south along the coasts to the Monroe County Keys; Bermuda, the West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Moist, well-drained sandy soils, without a humusy top layer.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Moderately low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water, but tolerates short term inunation by salt water from storm surge with minimal damage.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Pioneer; grows in unconsolidated substrate in direct salt wind and spray.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Inconspicuous indehiscent fruit.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Larval host plant for great southern white
(Ascia monuste) butterflies.
Can be grown from seed and cuttings.