A relatively common element of coastal areas, especially the ecotones between mangrove swamps and coastal uplands.
Small to medium shrub with silvery-green leaves and attractive yellow flowers.
Typically 2-3 feet in height; to 5 feet in South Florida. Colonial, and spreading much broader than tall.
Eastern and southeastern United States west to Texas and south to the Monroe County Keys; Bahamas, Cuba and southern Mexico.
Coastal wetlands and beaches.
Wet to moist, well-drained to periodically inundated brackish soils.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Moderate; tolerates brackish water or occasional inundation by salt water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
High; can tolerate moderate amounts of salt wind without injury.
Moderate to low; requires moist to wet soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
Full sun to light shade.
Showy compound heads, about 1" wide.
All year; peak spring-summer.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides moderate amounts of food and cover for wildlife. Nectar plant for great southern white (Ascia monuste), gulf fritillary (Agraulis vanillae), large orange sulphur (Phoebis agarithe), southern broken-dash (Wallengrenia otho) and other butterflies.
Grown from seed or cuttings. Break up seed heads into a pot with 2" or more of potting soil and sprinkle a little soil into the pot, almost covering the seeds. Place in light shade or full sun and keep moist.
Distinguished from B. arborescens by its silver foliage; the two species form a natural hybrid, B. x cubana.
Gann, G.D., M.E. Abdo, J.W. Gann, G.D. Gann, Sr., S.W.
Woodmansee, K.A. Bradley, E. Grahl and K.N. Hines. 2005-2016. Natives For Your Neighborhood. http://www.regionalconservation.org.
The Institute for Regional Conservation. Delray Beach, Florida USA.