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Button-hemp, False nettle, Bog hemp
Boehmeria cylindrica
Urticaceae


General Landscape Uses:

Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also butterfly gardens in wet soils.

Ecological Restoration Notes:

A common but somewhat ephemeral understory herb in swamps and moist forests.
Availability:
Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries.
Description:
Short-lived medium herb.
Dimensions:
Typically 2-3 feet in height. Sometimes as broad as tall.
Growth Rate:
Fast.
Range:
Widespread in North America south to the Monroe County mainland; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America.
Habitats:
Swamps and moist forests.
Soils:
Moist to wet, moderately well-drained to well-drained, sandy, limestone, or organic soils, with humusy top layer.
Nutritional Requirements:
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Drought Tolerance:
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Light Requirements:
Light shade to moderate shade.
Flower Color:
Greenish.
Flower Characteristics:
Inconspicuous.
Flowering Season:
Summer-fall.
Fruit:
Inconspicuous.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Larval host and nectar plant for red admiral (Vanessa atalanta) butterflies.
Horticultural Notes:
Can be grown from seed.


 


Shirley Denton
Shirley Denton
Shirley Denton