General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also butterfly gardens in wet soils.
Ecological Restoration Notes:
A common but somewhat ephemeral understory herb in swamps and moist forests.
Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries.
Short-lived medium herb.
Typically 2-3 feet in height. Sometimes as broad as tall.
Widespread in North America south to the Monroe County mainland; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Swamps and moist forests.
Moist to wet, moderately well-drained to well-drained, sandy, limestone, or organic soils, with humusy top layer.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Light shade to moderate shade.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Larval host and nectar plant for red admiral (Vanessa atalanta) butterflies.
Can be grown from seed.