General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wildflower and butterfly gardens.
Ecological Restoration Notes:
An occasional understory wildflower in sandhill, scrub and scrubby flatwoods.
Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in northern Florida.
Medium annual herbaceous wildflower.
Typically 2-3 feet in height. Taller than broad.
Southeastern United States south to Broward and Lee counties, and rare south to Miami-Dade and Collier counties.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Scrub, scrubby flatwoods, sandhills and pine rocklands.
Dry to moist, well-drained sandy soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Nectar plant for butterflies.
Can be grown from seed.