General Landscape Uses:
Water gardens and ponds.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Floating aquatic herbaceous fern.
N/A; a floating aquatic.
Widespread in the United States south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland; West Indies, southern Mexico, Central America and South America.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Freshwater ponds and swamps.
A floating aquatic in standing or flowing water.
Low; it grows in nutirent poor water; it can become aggressive in nutrient-rich water.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Full sun to light shade or moderate shade.
There are no flowers; the plants reproduce by spores.