General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also butterfly gardens.
Ecological Restoration Notes:
A relatively common groundcover in mesic flatwoods, scrubby flatwoods and scrub.
Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries.
Small to medium woody groundcover. Leaves pale green above, 1 1/2-3 1/2 inches long. Short deciduous, the new leaves emerging in mid to late winter (February-March).
Typically 1-3 feet in height, occasionally taller. Usually taller than broad.
Georgia south to northeastern Miami-Dade and Collier counties.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Pinelands and scrub.
Moist to dry, well-drained sandy soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Full sun to light shade.
Outside creamy white with a reddish-purple base; inside creamy white with a broad band of dark purple across the widest part.
Showy, 2-3" wide; very fragrant with a strong spicy odor.
Winter-spring, appearing with new leaves.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides significant food and moderate amounts of cover for wildlife. Larval host plant for zebra swallowtail (Eurytides marcellus) butterflies.