Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wildflower and butterfly gardens.
Ecological Restoration Notes:
An occasional but widespread understory herb in open freshwater wetlands and pinelands.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Erect medium wildflower, with narrow leaves; barely noticeable when not in flower.
Typically 2-3 feet in height. Taller than broad.
Southeastern United States north to New Jersey, west to Texas and south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland.
Wet pinelands and marl prairies.
Wet to moist, seasonally inundated calcareous or sandy soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Red and orange.
Slender pod (follicle) with wind dispersed seeds.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Larval host plant for monarch (Danaus plexippus) and queen (Danaus gilippus) butterflies; possible larval host of soldier (Danaus eresimus) butterflies. Nectar plant for monarch (Danaus plexippus) and other butterflies. Also provides nectar for other insects.
Can be grown from seed.
An excellent butterfly plant for wet spots in the garden.
Roger L. Hammer
Keith A. Bradley
Gann, G.D., M.E. Abdo, J.W. Gann, G.D. Gann, Sr., S.W.
Woodmansee, K.A. Bradley, E. Grahl and K.N. Hines. 2005-2014. Natives For Your Neighborhood. http://www.regionalconservation.org.
The Institute for Regional Conservation. Delray Beach, Florida USA.