Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wildflower and butterfly gardens.
Ecological Restoration Notes:
A rare understory herb in freshwater wetlands.
Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in South Florida.
Erect medium to large wildflower. Leaves about 3 inches long.
Typically 3-5 feet in height. Taller than broad.
Widespread in North America south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland. Rare in South Florida.
Swamps, wet hammocks and wet prairies.
Wet to moist, poorly-drained to moderately well-drained organic soils, with or without humus.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Light shade to moderate shade or full sun.
Bright pink and white or rarely white.
Slender pod (follicle) with wind dispersed seeds.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Larval host plant for monarch (Danaus plexippus) and queen (Danaus gilippus) butterflies; possible larval host of soldier (Danaus eresimus) butterflies. Nectar plant for Delaware skipper (Anatrytone logan), fiery skipper (Hylephila phyleus), giant swallowtail (Papilio cresphontes), monarch (Danaus plexippus), ocola skipper (Panoquina ocola), sachem (Atalopedes campestris) and variegated fritillary (Euptoieta claudia) and other butterflies. It also provides nectar for other insects.
Can be grown from seed.
An excellent butterfly plant, but rare in South Florida and perhaps not well-adapted to our area.
Gann, G.D., M.E. Abdo, J.W. Gann, G.D. Gann, Sr., S.W.
Woodmansee, K.A. Bradley, E. Grahl and K.N. Hines. 2005-2016. Natives For Your Neighborhood. http://www.regionalconservation.org.
The Institute for Regional Conservation. Delray Beach, Florida USA.