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Groundnut
Apios americana
Fabaceae
 

Copyright by: Shirley Denton

General Landscape Uses: Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also butterfly gardens.

Ecological Restoration Notes: An occasional element in hammocks and swamps.

Availability: Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in South Florida.

Description: A twining, high climbing vine. Leaves compound.

Dimensions: N/A; a climbing vine with 8 feet in length or more.

Growth Rate: Moderate.

Range: Eastern and central North America south to Miami-Dade and Collier counties.

Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.

Habitats: Wet to moist hammocks and floodplain forests.

Soils: Wet to moist, poorly-drained to moderately well-drained organic soils.

Nutritional Requirements: Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.

Salt Water Tolerance: Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.

Salt Wind Tolerance: Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.

Drought Tolerance: Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.

Light Requirements: Light shade to moderate shade.

Flower Color: Reddish-brown.

Flower Characteristics: Semi-showy. Fragrant.

Flowering Season: Summer-fall.

Fruit: Inconspicous pod (legume).

Wildlife and Ecology: Larval host plant for northern cloudywing (Thorybes pylades) and silver spotted skipper (Epargyreus clarus) butterflies.

Horticultural Notes: Can be grown from seed.


Copyright by: Shirley Denton


Other data on Apios americana available from:



 
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