Typically 1-3 feet in height but sometimes climbing into other vegetation. Spreading and forming large mats.
Moderate to fast.
Monroe County Keys and Miami-Dade County north along the coasts to Brevard and Lee counties; West Indies, southern Mexico and Central America. Rather rare and sporadic throughout its range in South Florida.
Beach dunes and coastal strand.
Moist, well-drained sandy soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Secondary line; tolerates significant salt wind without injury, but usually is somewhat protected.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
All year; peak in summer.
Inconspicuous achene with 1-5 conic spines. All year.
Wildlife and Ecology:
The flowers are pollinated by wind.
Can be grown from cuttings. Newly planted patches may spread rapidly, then die back after 2-3 years.
An excellent groundcover in coastal areas with high light.
Michelle Hayden In habitat, Eleuthera, Bahamas, 2013
Roger L. Hammer
Gann, G.D., M.E. Abdo, J.W. Gann, G.D. Gann, Sr., S.W.
Woodmansee, K.A. Bradley, E. Grahl and K.N. Hines. 2005-2016. Natives For Your Neighborhood. http://www.regionalconservation.org.
The Institute for Regional Conservation. Delray Beach, Florida USA.