Wild-lime, Lime prickly-ash
Zanthoxylum fagara
Rutaceae

Description:
Small to medium tree or large shrub with a cylindrical crown from many small, irregularly-shaped branches. Trunks generally short, to about 10 inches in diameter. The branches bear many sharp, hooked spines. Bark gray, rough. Leaves compound, aromatic, about 3-4 inches long.
Range:
Monroe County Keys north to Volusia, Marion and Citrus counties; Bahamas, Greater Antilles, Texas, Mexico, Central America and South America. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida website.
Distribution and Abundance in Florida:
Habitat(s):
Hammocks.
Reproduction:
Orange-brown glandular punctate follicles opening to reveal small, shiny, black seeds.
Natural History:
Provides significant food and moderate amounts of cover for wildlife. Larval host plant for giant swallowtail (Papilio cresphontes) butterflies. Perhaps a secondary larval host for Schaus' swallowtail (Heraclides aristodemus) butterflies.
Food:
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Comments:
When crushed, the leaves have a lime-like aroma. The wood is much desired for making furniture.
Synonyms:
Z. pterota.


Erin Backus
With Giant swallowtail caterpillar
.
Erin Backus
With Giant swallowtail caterpillar
.
Keith A. Bradley
Keith A. Bradley
James Johnson, 2014
In habitat, Everglades National Park, Florida
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James Johnson, 2014
In habitat, Everglades National Park, Florida
Roger L. Hammer
Melissa E. Abdo

Keith A. Bradley