Viceroy
Limenitis archippus
Nymphalidae

Description:
Medium sized butterfly with a wing span up to 3 3/8 inches. The upperside is orange and black or brown and black, resembling the Monarch (Danaus plexippus) or the Queen (D. gilippus), but with a black line across the hindwing and a single row of white dots in the black marginal band.
Range:
Widespread in North America.
Distribution and Abundance in Florida:
All year in South Florida.
Habitat(s):
Swamp and lake margins.
Reproduction:
Eggs are laid on the tips of host plant leaves, 2-3 per leaf.
Natural History:
Food:
Caterpillars feed on their eggshells after hatching, then the leaves and catkins (flower stalks) of the host plants. The only native larval host plants is Coastal Plain willow (Salix caroliniana); the nonnative weeping willow (Salix babylonica) is also used. Adults feed on aphid honeydew, carrion, dung, decaying fungi and flower nectar.
Comments:
For more information, visit the Florida Museum of Natural History's Florida Wildflowers & Butterflies website, the University of Florida/IFAS Featured Creatures website, and Butterflies and Moths of North America.
Synonyms: