Biscayne prickly-ash
Zanthoxylum coriaceum
Rutaceae


Landscape Uses:

Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Due to its limited range in South Florida, not recommended for geneneral landscape use.

Ecological Restoration Notes:

A rare element of coastal strand and maritime hammocks from Key Biscayne north to southeastern Palm Beach County.
Availability:
Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries. Available in Lake Worth at Amelia's SmartyPlants (561-540-6296).
Description:
Small to medium tree or large shrub with a rounded, spreading crown.
Height:
Growth Rate:
Moderate.
Range:
Southeastern South Florida, Cuba, Cayman Islands, Bahamas and Hispaniola. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida website.
Habitats:
Coastal hammocks and thickets.
Soils:
Moist, well-drained sandy soils, with humusy top layer.
Nutritional Requirements:
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
High; can tolerate moderate amounts of salt wind without injury.
Drought Tolerance:
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Light Requirements:
Full sun.
Flower Color:
Flower Characteristics:
Inconspicuous. Flowers unisexual.
Flowering Season:
All year.
Fruit:
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides food and cover for wildlife. Larval host plant for giant swallowtail (Papilio cresphontes) butterflies.
Horticultural Notes:
Can be grown from seed removed from the outer coating. Scatter seeds over soil and barely cover.
Comments:
For more information, visit our Floristic Inventory of South Florida Database Online.


Roger L. Hammer
Keith A. Bradley
Keith A. Bradley