Muscadine, Muscadine grape
Vitis rotundifolia
Vitaceae


Landscape Uses:

Accent vine. Also buffer plantings and kitchen gardens.

Ecological Restoration Notes:

Availability:
Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries.
Description:
High climbing woody vine.
Height:
N/A; vine with stems to 50 feet or more in length.
Growth Rate:
Fast to moderate.
Range:
Southeastern United States west to Texas and south to the Monroe County Keys; Bahamas. Very rare in the Monroe County Keys south of Key Largo and perhaps absent from the middle Keys.
Habitats:
Moist forests and pinelands.
Soils:
Moist, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, with humusy top layer.
Nutritional Requirements:
Moderate to low; it prefers soils with organic content, but will still grow reasonably well in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate lonog-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
Drought Tolerance:
Moderate to high; plants growing in extremely dry soils may die during extended periods of drought.
Light Requirements:
Full sun to light shade or moderate shade.
Flower Color:
Green.
Flower Characteristics:
Inconspicuous.
Flowering Season:
Spring.
Fruit:
Purple berry. Edible.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Larval host plant for nessus sphinx (Amphion floridensis) and mournful sphinx (Enyo lugubris) moths. Animals eat the berries.
Horticultural Notes:
Can be grown from de-pulped seed, and from cuttings with difficulty.
Comments:
An excellent source of native grapes. But this fast growing vine can be very aggressive.


Eric Fleites
George D. Gann
Shirley Denton