Everglades key pencilflower
Stylosanthes calcicola
Fabaceae


Landscape Uses:

Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.

Ecological Restoration Notes:

Availability:
Grown by enthusiasts.
Description:
Small creeping herb.
Height:
About 3-6 inches tall. Spreading and forming small open patches broader than tall.
Growth Rate:
Moderate.
Range:
Monroe County Keys and Miami-Dade County; West Indies, Mexico and Guatemala. In the Monroe County Keys, disjunct from Miami-Dade County to the pine rocklands of Big Pine Key.
Habitats:
Marl prairies and pine rocklands.
Soils:
Moist to seasonally wet, moderately well-drained marl soils, without humus.
Nutritional Requirements:
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Drought Tolerance:
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Light Requirements:
Full sun.
Flower Color:
Yellow.
Flower Characteristics:
Semi-showy.
Flowering Season:
All year.
Fruit:
Jointed pod (legume), with 1 fertile seed and a hooked tip.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Larval host plant for barred yellow (Eurema daira) butterflies.
Horticultural Notes:
Can be grown from seed.
Comments:
It is listed as endangered by the state of Florida. For more information, visit our Floristic Inventory of South Florida Database Online.


Roger L. Hammer