Paradisetree
Simarouba glauca
Simaroubaceae


Landscape Uses:

Accent or specimen or shade tree in residential and commercial landscapes.

Ecological Restoration Notes:

Availability:
Widely cultivated. Available in Fort Myers at All Native Garden Center and Plant Nursery (239-939-9663), in Lake Worth at Indian Trails Native Nursery (561-641-9488) and at Amelia's SmartyPlants (561-540-6296).
Description:
Medium to large tree with a rounded crown. Trunks erect, straight, to 20 inches in diameter. Bark light brown to brownish-gray, smooth when young, then becoming rough. Leaves compound, 6-16 inches long, shiny, orangish or reddish when young.
Height:
Typically 30-50 feet in height; to 63 feet in South Florida. Taller than broad.
Growth Rate:
Slow to moderate.
Range:
Monroe County Keys north mostly along the coasts to Brevard and Collier counties; West Indies, southern Mexico, Central America. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida website. Little's map fails to capture a number of locations for this in the interior of Big Cypress National Preserve in Collier County and the Monroe County mainland.
Habitats:
Hammocks.
Soils:
Moist, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, with humusy top layer.
Nutritional Requirements:
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
High; can tolerate moderate amounts of salt wind without injury.
Drought Tolerance:
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Light Requirements:
Full sun.
Flower Color:
Yellow to creamy white.
Flower Characteristics:
Inconspicuous. Dioecious, with male and female flowers on different plants.
Flowering Season:
Winter-spring.
Fruit:
Bright red drupe turning black when mature.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Horticultural Notes:
Can be grown from de-pulped seed. Plant right away; the seeds do not store well. Stake plants when trasplanting as root development usually lags behind aboveground development.
Comments:
The new growth is an attractive color of red.


James Johnson, 2014
In habitat, John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park,
Monroe County, Florida
Roger L. Hammer
George D. Gann, 2012
In habitat, Everglades National Park, Florida
Melissa E. Abdo
Melissa E. Abdo
George D. Gann
George D. Gann
Keith A. Bradley

Keith A. Bradley