Coastal Plain willow
Salix caroliniana
Salicaceae


Landscape Uses:

Accent tree in wet areas and along ponds and lakes edges.

Ecological Restoration Notes:

Availability:
Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in South Florida.
Description:
Small tree to medium tree or large shrub with a speading, open, irregular crown. Trunks short, often leaning. Bark gray, roughened with ridges and furrows. Leaves temperate deciduous, light green, long and narrow, to about 8 inches long.
Height:
Typically 15-30 feet in height in South Florida; to 68 feet in Florida. Often as broad as tall or broader.
Growth Rate:
Fast.
Range:
Eastern and central United States west to Texas and south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida website. Note: Little's map shows S. caroliniana distributed in the Florida Keys; this appears to be an error.
Habitats:
Wet thickets and swamps.
Soils:
Wet to moist, moderately well-drained to poorly-drained organic soils.
Nutritional Requirements:
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
Drought Tolerance:
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Light Requirements:
Full sun to light shade.
Flower Color:
Greenish-yellow.
Flower Characteristics:
Semi-showy catkins.
Flowering Season:
Spring.
Fruit:
Capsule containing wind dispersed seeds.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides some food and significant cover for wildlife. Only native larval host plant for viceroy (Limenitis archippus) butterflies; also larval host for (Automeris io) moths.
Horticultural Notes:
Can be grown from seed and cuttings (including root cuttings).
Comments:


George D. Gann, 14 January 2015
In habitat, Big Cypress National Preserve, Florida
George D. Gann
George D. Gann, 14 January 2015
In habitat, Big Cypress National Preserve, Florida
George D. Gann
Shirley Denton
Shirley Denton