Candyweed, Showy milkwort
Polygala violacea
Polygalaceae


Landscape Uses:

Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wildflower gardens.

Ecological Restoration Notes:

Availability:
Grown by enthusiasts.
Description:
Small erect herbaceous wildflower.
Height:
About 6-12 inches in height. Taller than broad.
Growth Rate:
Moderate.
Range:
Southeastern United States south to the Monroe County Keys; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America.
Habitats:
Pinelands and open disturbed sites.
Soils:
Moist to dry, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, without humus.
Nutritional Requirements:
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Secondary line; tolerates significant salt wind without injury, but usually is somewhat protected.
Drought Tolerance:
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Light Requirements:
Full sun.
Flower Color:
Dark purple to purplish-pink or rarely white with a yellow tip on the upper petal.
Flower Characteristics:
Semi-showy racemes.
Flowering Season:
All year; peak spring-summer.
Fruit:
Inconspicuous capsule.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Horticultural Notes:
Can be grown from seed and division.
Comments:
The leaves and flowers of this species are extremely variable; local sources are best used.

Horticultural synonyms: P. grandiflora, P. grandiflora var. angustifolia.


James L. Lange, 2014
Wide-leaved form from barrier islands
in southeastern Florida
Roger L. Hammer
Shirley Denton
Shirley Denton
Keith A. Bradley
Narrow-leaved form from pine rocklands
in Miami-Dade County