Lancewood
Nectandra coriacea
Lauraceae


Landscape Uses:

Attractive accent or specimen tree for residential and commerical landscapes. Also buffer plantings.

Ecological Restoration Notes:

A common canopy and subcanopy tree in hammocks.
Availability:
Native plant nurseries. Available in Lake Worth at Amelia's SmartyPlants (561-540-6296).
Description:
Medium tree with narrow round-topped crown composed of slender, spreading branches. Trunks straight, often angled, 6-15 inches in diameter. Bark gray when young, becoming dark reddish-brown, covered with numerous warts. Leaves smooth, dark green above, paler beneath, with a yellow midrib; aromatic when crushed, 3-6 inches long.
Height:
Typically 20-30 feet in height. Often as broad as tall, especially when young.
Growth Rate:
Moderate to fast.
Range:
Monroe County Keys north to Volusia, Highlands and Collier counties; West Indies, Mexico and Central America. In the Monroe County Keys, apparently absent south and west of Lignumvitae Key. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida website.
Habitats:
Hammocks.
Soils:
Moist, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, with humusy top layer.
Nutritional Requirements:
Moderate to high; grows best with some organic content and may languish in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
Drought Tolerance:
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Light Requirements:
Light shade to full sun.
Flower Color:
Creamy white.
Flower Characteristics:
Semi-showy in dense clusters. Fragrant.
Flowering Season:
Spring-fall; peaks in spring and late fall.
Fruit:
1/2" long drupe, ripening purple and eventually turning black, in a red or yellow cup-like base.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides significant food and moderate amounts of cover for wildlife. Attracts insect pollinators.
Horticultural Notes:
Can be grown from de-pulped seed. Plant right away; seeds do not store well. Place seed on surface of soil and just cover. Place container in light shade.
Comments:
The leaves are fragrant when crushed. The attractive fruit resembles a miniature avocado. Synonyms: Ocotea coriacea.


Keith A. Bradley
Roger L. Hammer
George D. Gann
In habitat, Everglades National Park, Florida
Keith A. Bradley
Shirley Denton
Keith A. Bradley