Gallberry, Inkberry
Ilex glabra

Landscape Uses:

Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also an accent shrub.

Ecological Restoration Notes:

Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in South Florida.
Medium shrub with stiff, dark green leaves.
About 4-8 feet in height. Colonial, forming large masses from underground stems (rhizomes).
Growth Rate:
Eastern and southeastern United States west to Texas and south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland.
Wet pinelands.
Wet to moist, moderately well-drained sandy soils, with or without humus, acid pH.
Nutritional Requirements:
Low to moderate; it can grow in nutrient poor soils or soils with some organic content.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Drought Tolerance:
Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
Light Requirements:
Full sun to light shade.
Flower Color:
Flower Characteristics:
Inconspicuous. Dioecious, with male and female flowers on separate plants.
Flowering Season:
Winter-spring; peak in spring.
Round black drupe. Often persistent throughout the winter.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides significant food and cover for wildlife. Flowers attract bees.
Horticultural Notes:
Can be grown from de-pulped seed after the fruit is fully ripe. Clean and plant right away; the seeds do not store well. Plant in a container with at least 2" of soil. Sprinkle soil to just cover the seeds. Place in full sun.
Clump forming.

James Johnson, 2014
In habitat, Hillsboro Pineland Natural Area, Broward County, Florida
John Bradford
Wes Jurgens
Shirley Denton