Gallberry, Inkberry
Ilex glabra
Aquifoliaceae


Landscape Uses:

Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also an accent shrub.

Ecological Restoration Notes:

Availability:
Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in South Florida.
Description:
Medium shrub with stiff, dark green leaves.
Height:
About 4-8 feet in height. Colonial, forming large masses from underground stems (rhizomes).
Growth Rate:
Slow.
Range:
Eastern and southeastern United States west to Texas and south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland.
Habitats:
Wet pinelands.
Soils:
Wet to moist, moderately well-drained sandy soils, with or without humus, acid pH.
Nutritional Requirements:
Low to moderate; it can grow in nutrient poor soils or soils with some organic content.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Drought Tolerance:
Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
Light Requirements:
Full sun to light shade.
Flower Color:
White.
Flower Characteristics:
Inconspicuous. Dioecious, with male and female flowers on separate plants.
Flowering Season:
Winter-spring; peak in spring.
Fruit:
Round black drupe. Often persistent throughout the winter.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides significant food and cover for wildlife. Flowers attract bees.
Horticultural Notes:
Can be grown from de-pulped seed after the fruit is fully ripe. Clean and plant right away; the seeds do not store well. Plant in a container with at least 2" of soil. Sprinkle soil to just cover the seeds. Place in full sun.
Comments:
Clump forming.


James Johnson, 2014
In habitat, Hillsboro Pineland Natural Area, Broward County, Florida
John Bradford
Wes Jurgens
Shirley Denton