Everglades velvetseed, Hammock velvetseed
Guettarda elliptica
Rubiaceae


Landscape Uses:

Accent shrub or small tree. Buffer plantings.

Ecological Restoration Notes:

Availability:
Grown by enthusiasts.
Description:
Small tree or large shrub with an open, irregular crown from small upright branches. Bark dark brown, smooth. Leaves dull green above, 1-2 inches long.
Height:
Typically 10-20 feet in height; to 23 feet in South Florida. Usually taller than broad.
Growth Rate:
Moderate.
Range:
Monroe, Miami-Dade and Broward counties; disjunct in St. Lucie County; West Indies and Mexico. In Broward County, known only from Hugh Taylor Birch State Park. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida website.
Habitats:
Pine rocklands and hammocks.
Soils:
Moist, well-drained limestone (rarely sandy) soils, with humusy top layer.
Nutritional Requirements:
Moderate to low; it prefers soils with organic content, but will still grow reasonably well in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Drought Tolerance:
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Light Requirements:
Full sun to light shade.
Flower Color:
White to reddish-pink.
Flower Characteristics:
Semi-showy.
Flowering Season:
All year; peak in spring.
Fruit:
Rounded purple berry.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides significant food and cover for wildlife.
Horticultural Notes:
Difficult to grow from seed.
Comments:


George D. Gann
George D. Gann
George D. Gann