Yellow joyweed
Alternanthera flavescens

Landscape Uses:

Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also butterfly gardens along the coast.

Ecological Restoration Notes:

A common element of beach dunes and coastal strand nearly throughout coastal South Florida.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Small scrambling herb.
Typically 3-12 inches in height or higher, climbing over the ground or other vegetation and forming large patches.
Growth Rate:
Monroe County Keys north along the coasts to Brevard and Manatee counties; West Indies (where possibly introduced in part), southern Mexico, Central America and South America.
Coastal beaches, thickets, and hammock edges.
Moist, well-drained sandy soils, with or without humusy top layer.
Nutritional Requirements:
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Frontline; grows in direct salt wind but away from constant salt spray.
Drought Tolerance:
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Light Requirements:
Full sun to light shade.
Flower Color:
Flower Characteristics:
Flowering Season:
All year; peak spring-summer.
Inconspicuous utricle. All year.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Nectar plant for cassius blue (Leptotes cassius), great southern white (Ascia monuste), long-tailed skipper (Urbanus proteus), Schaus' swallowtail (Heraclides aristodemus) and other butterflies.
Horticultural Notes:
Can be grown from cuttings.
This is much more common in South Florida than seaside joyweed (A. maritima), which does not have stalked flowering clusters.

James Johnson, 2014
In habitat, Blazingstar Preserve, Palm Beach County, Florida
James Johnson, 2014
In habitat, John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park,
Monroe County, Florida
Roger L. Hammer